To Become a Private Investigator in Arkansas is similar to most other places: you need to meet basic Private Investigator requirements such as age, language proficiency, and other usual PI requirements of this nature. Furthermore, to become a Private Investigator in Arkansas, you need to take a government approved Arkansas Private Investigator's license test but not a Private Investigator course or official state Private Investigator training. In Arkansas, the government body that controls licensed Arkansas Investigators is the Arkansas State Police. So, it is the police that will administer your PI test. Once you submit the proof of your ability to meet the requirements and completion of the licensing test to the state police, you will get your Arkansas PI beginner’s license. This is where your struggle will begin.
Your PI beginner’s license in Arkansas is called CREDENTIALED PRIVATE INVESTIGATOR (CPI). This license is an under supervision type license and you must be sponsored by an Arkansas PI agency to obtain this under supervision license. You’ve guessed it, an “under supervision” license means you must work under the purview of a fully licensed Arkansas PI. However, the term “under supervision” will be in namesake only. You will not be supervised or guided by an experienced Arkansas PI. In fact, PI agencies are not economically structured to have mentor/ student surveillance teams. And any optional Private Investigator training course you took? It won't not teach investigation, only what laws Arkansas Private Investigators need to be aware of. This is useful; however, new Private Investigators still need to know how to be successful working operations in Arkansas.
Arkansas Private Investigator License Requirements
(CREDENTIALED PRIVATE INVESTIGATOR)
You must be 21yo or older.
You must have a clean criminal record.
You must be legally allowed to work in Arkansas.
You must be sponsored by an Arkansas PI agency.
You will have to pay a license fee is just under $500.
If you have previous law enforcement experience (past five years), you don't need to take the Arkansas PI test. Include your verified law enforcement experience in the application.
You will have to pass an Arkansas Private Investigator test.
Arkansas Board of Private Investigation and Private Security Agencies
1 State Police Plaza Drive, Little Rock, AR 72209
This lack of guidance is why so many new Arkansas Private Investigators burn out and quit and why many experienced Arkansas Private Investigators are jaded. On top of this, PI clients with small budgets typically get the new unqualified Private Investigators, nobody wins in this situation. It is also not fair to small PI clients to use their files to haphazardly train new Private Investigators.
So, the time comes for you to work investigations in Arkansas with no Private Investigator experience or education. The licensing test you took focused on legal matters with no real practical Private Investigator training or topics. You will always be told by employers that “soon you will get some PI training,” which never happens. It took me over five years to figure out the industry and get good at a few specialized fields. During that time, I struggled and probably lost several hundred thousand dollars due to losing work opportunities from a lack of PI skill and education. What is sad is that this is a common story in the industry. If you make it through this meat grinder of an industry and complete a large amount of government mandated training, you will qualify for a full PI license. A full PI license does not really exist in Arkansas. You will get a PI business license instead. This basically means you can open your own PI agency. Hopefully, when you are hiring new Private Investigators, you will appreciate the importance of proper PI education.
The requirements to obtain the mandated training to become a PI business are complex. It is recommended that you contact the licensing agency for information on the required training:
Private Investigator Jobs: How to Get Hired?
Thinking of Becoming an Arkansas Private Investigator?
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Become a Great Arkansas PI
Yes, you can become a great Arkansas Private Investigator. How? Through Private Investigator education. Not through the short Arkansas government licensing course, but through at least 100hrs of practical Private Investigator education. This can be online Private Investigator training classes or in an in-class training environment. In order to become a successful Arkansas Private Investigator and meet Private Investigator requirements, you need to become educated on the complexities of the private investigation industry (this will also help you decide if you want to pursue the PI career) and how to set yourself up to become a successful Private Eye. Secondly, you will need to become educated on how to perform investigations.
To learn the complexities of the Arkansas private investigation industry you will need to understand a few Private Investigator industry topics. Regional licensing requirements for Private Investigators will teach you what you need to obtain your Arkansas Private Investigator license. To help you decide if you want to enter the career of private investigation you, will have to learn the common misconceptions about the Private Investigation industry. Understanding the learning curve of a Private Investigator will set you up to become a successful PI.
Before entering the Arkansas PI industry, it is useful to know the challenges encountered as a Professional Private Investigator. This will also help you make career decisions. Then you need to learn what you will be doing as a Private Investigator. Learning the areas of specialization as a Professional Private Investigator and types of clients and corresponding file requirements will help with this. You will need to learn how Arkansas Investigators obtain assignments and hours of work to determine if this work environment is right for you.
If you are concerned about your ability to perform as an Arkansas Private Investigator and how to be a Private Investigator that is successful, learning what factors will determine your aptitude as a Professional Private Investigator and what makes a “good” Professional Private Investigator will be essential. It is also important to know the physical and health requirements and health considerations. Then there is equipment. Learning about equipment needed in order to get started in a career as a Professional Private Investigator is a must.
Furthermore, you will need to educate yourself on communication devices and their role in private investigation. Lastly and most importantly, you must learn “The Investigative Mindset.” This will teach you how to think like a Private Investigator. After you learn these concepts, you will be well on your way to becoming a Private Investigator even without experience.
After learning the complexities of the Arkansas private investigation industry, you will need to develop practical skills in various areas and avoid focusing on niche fields such as forensics. The most important areas are Desk Investigations, Pre-surveillance, surveillance, mobile vehicle surveillance, on-foot surveillance, obtaining evidence, and litigious reporting. To learn Desk Investigations, you will need to understand what is a Desk Investigation, Desk Investigation nomenclature, corroborated/ circumstantial evidence, The Evidence Document, The Desk Investigators Mindset, Google Basics for North America, and social media search basics for North America. Surveillance will be the largest subject to learn. Under this field you should learn about setting up a proper surveillance vehicle, surveillance spot checks, and surveillance set ups for various investigative operations.
As an Arkansas Private Investigator, you will spend the majority of your time performing investigations solo. This is why learning single person surveillance is crucial. Furthermore, you will occasionally work in surveillance teams, so you will need to learn how to perform surveillance with two or more surveillance operatives. Arkansas Private Investigators perform a lot of their surveillance from a surveillance vehicle, but also on foot, you will need to learn this also. The entire reason Arkansas Private Investigators are hired, is to obtain evidence. Obviously, learning how to obtain evidence, mostly in video form, is a must. As an Arkansas Private Investigator, you will need to obtain quality video that is litigious and that will satisfy your client. At the end of all this, you will need to learn how to create an investigative report that will most likely be used in litigation. After you learn all of this, you will have no trouble becoming a successful Arkansas Private Investigator.
It should be apparent now, why and how you can become an Arkansas Private Investigator. Yes, the government licensing course is necessary but it will not set you up for success as a Private Investigator. You will always need at least 100hrs of practical Private Investigator education. You will need to learn the PI industry, as well as how to perform. In fact, becoming a Private Investigator through proper education will set you up to become more successful than Investigators with many years of experience but who have not developed a strong foundation with proper Private Investigator education.
What You Need to Learn to Become a successful Arkansas PI
-Regional licensing requirements for Arkansas Professional Private Investigators
-Common misconceptions about the Private Investigation industry
-The learning curve of a Professional Private investigator
-Personal challenges encountered as an Arkansas Professional Private Investigator
-Areas of specialization as an Arkansas Professional Private Investigator
-Types of Arkansas clients and corresponding file requirements
-How Arkansas Investigators obtain assignments and hours of work
-What factors will determine your aptitude as a Professional Private Investigator
-What makes a “good” Professional Private Investigator?
-Physical health requirements and health considerations
-Equipment needed in order to get started in a career as a Professional Private Investigator
-Computers, tablets and peripherals
-NATO – Phonetic Alphabet
-The Investigative Mindset
What You Need to Learn to "Perform" Arkansas Investigations
How AR Desk Investigations are performed
Finding missing persons in AR
Finding missing children in AR
Finding people in AR who intentionally disappear
Corroborated & circumstantial evidence
What is evidence & how to structure it
The Evidence Document
Google as an investigative tool
Background checks in AR
Daily Gear Protocol
Data & evidence security
Skill vs, luck and circumstances
Risk vs. reward
Understanding & managing Heat
AR traffic conditions
Driving methods for different AR environments
Filming best practices
Mobile foot surveillance
PI surveillance Gearbag
Required surveillance equipment
Identifying the subject
Clothing and props
The physics or mechanics of foot surveillance
Covert equipment & techniques
On foot following techniques & best practices
Transitioning in and out of buildings
Video framing and quality
The Learning Curve of an Arkansas Private Investigator
A novice in any of the Arkansas Private Investigator fields or disciplines is an individual who has less than 2400 hours of experience and Private Investigator training. Once Arkansas PIs achieve 2400 hours of Private Investigator experience, they will have the confidence and expertise to work independently. When an Arkansas Private Investigator acquires over 10,000 hours of experience in a given field, they are considered to be proficient in that particular field or discipline. Due to the many disciplines in the Arkansas Private Investigator industry, it would take many years of hard work and effort to master them all. Most PIs choose to specialize in a few fields rather than trying to become experts in all areas.
A novice Arkansas Private Investigator, no matter how intelligent, must learn through experience. Private Investigator school is an excellent way to build a solid foundation; however, to become fully capable a novice Arkansas PI will need experience. The learning curve is defined by specific skills one can only obtain by working in the professional investigative industry.
An experienced Arkansas Private Investigator will have a better ability to predict situations and know what information to look for. A novice Investigator is more likely to experience tunnel vision of thought and action due to stress and other contributing factors. These factors will contribute to the novice missing details that a more experienced investigator would have spotted and leveraged to move the investigation forward.
The experienced Arkansas Professional Private Investigator will have seen many typical situations in a particular field and will adapt their methods as they apply knowledge from past experiences.
In the Arkansas Private Investigator profession, you will never stop encountering new situations that will act as learning opportunities to increase your knowledge and skills. If you ever arrive at a point in your career when you believe you can do no wrong, be prepared to be reminded that this is a lifelong journey. The Professional Investigator draws from the past, uses that information in real time to make calculated decisions and anticipates things yet to happen. Effective experience-based decisions will benefit the client and shape your reputation as an Arkansas Investigator.
At the 10,000-hour mark, an Arkansas Private Investigator is considered a master in whatever field they obtained those hours. They will have encountered nearly every situation imaginable in that field and have a vast repository of experiences to work with. When a new situation does occur, the master Investigator will be able to apply the Private Eye knowledge gained from past experiences to the new situation. Furthermore, the master Investigator will not be susceptible to tunnel vision and will be able to think clearly in new situations, even intense ones.
About the Author
Peter Sandru is an Instructor & Co-Founder of NDIL with over 14 years as a Professional Private Investigator. Peter has spent more than a decade conducting investigations and security operations throughout the world, primarily for corporations, law firms, and government agencies. Peter has assisted in the creation of numerous investigative & security training programs in various capacities. Thru NDIL, Peter has helped many individuals in Arkansas on their journey to becoming Private Investigators.